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  JE PARLE FRANÇAİS
  7. TO BE & TO HAVE
 



7. To Be & To Have / Etre & avoir

Present tense of être /ɛtʀ/ - to be

I am

je suis

/ʒə sɥi/

We are

nous sommes

/nu sɔm/

You are

tu es

/ty ɛ/

You are

vous êtes

/vu zɛt/

He is
She is
One is

il est
elle est
on est

/il ɛ/
/
ɛl ɛ/
/
ɔ̃ nɛ/

They are
They are

ils sont
elles sont

/il sɔ̃/
/
ɛl sɔ̃/

 

Present tense of avoir /avwaʀ/ - to have

I have

j'ai

/ʒe/

We have

nous avons

/nu zavɔ̃/

You have

tu as

/ty ɑ/

You have

vous avez

/vu zave/

He has
She has
One has

il a
elle a
on a

/il ɑ/
/
ɛl ɑ/
/
ɔ̃ nɑ/

They have
They have

ils ont
elles ont

/il zɔ̃/
/
ɛl zɔ̃/

 

In spoken French, the tu forms of verbs that begin with a vowel contract with the pronoun: tu es = t'es /tɛ/, tu as = t'as /tɑ/, etc. In addition, it is very common to use on (plus 3rd person singular conjugation) to mean we instead of nous

 
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