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  JE PARLE FRANÇAİS
  2-Alphabet et Prononciation
 

                              

 Listen to MP3                                 A-Alphabet / l'alphabet

 

a

/a/

 

j

/ʒi/

 

s

/ɛs/

b

/be/

 

k

/ka/

 

t

/te/

c

/se/

 

l

/ɛl/

 

u

/y/

d

/de/

 

m

/ɛm/

 

v

/ve/

e

/ə/

 

n

/ɛn/

 

w

/dubləve/

f

/ɛf/

 

o

/o/

 

x

/iks/

g

/ʒɜ/

 

p

/pe/

 

y

/igrɛk/

h

/aʃ/

 

q

/ky/

 

z

/zɛd/

i

/i/

 

r

/ɛʀ/

     

 

       Listen to MP3                                         

                                                   B- Pronunciation / la prononciation

French Vowels

IPA

Phonetic spelling

Sample words

General spellings

[i]

ee

vie, midi, lit, riz

i, y

[y]

ee rounded

rue, jus, tissu, usine

u

[e]

ay

blé, nez, cahier, pied

é, et, final er and ez

[ø]

ay rounded

jeu, yeux, queue, bleu

eu

[ɛ]

eh

lait, aile, balai, reine

e, è, ê, ai, ei, ais

[œ]

eh rounded

sœur, œuf, fleur, beurre

œu, eu

[a]

ah

chat, ami, papa, salade

a, à, â

[ɑ]

ah longer

bas, âne, grâce, château

a, â

[u]

oo

loup, cou, caillou, outil

ou

[o]

oh

eau, dos, escargot, hôtel

o, ô

[ɔ]

aw

sol, pomme, cloche, horloge

o

[ə]

uh

fenêtre, genou, cheval, cerise

e

[ɑ] is disappearing in modern French, being replaced by [a]. Vowels that do not exist in English are marked in blue.

 

French semi-vowels

IPA

Phonetic spelling

Sample words

General spelling

[w]

w

fois, oui, Louis

oi, ou

[ɥ]

ew-ee

lui, suisse

ui

[j]

yuh

oreille, Mireille

ill, y

 

French nasal vowels

IPA

Phonetic spelling

Sample words

General spelling

[]

awn

gant, banc, dent

en, em, an, am, aon, aen

[ɛ̃]

ahn

pain, vin, linge

in, im, yn, ym, ain, aim, ein, eim, un, um,
en, eng, oin, oing, oint, ien, yen, éen

[œ̃]

uhn

brun, lundi, parfum

un

[õ]

ohn

rond, ongle, front

on, om

[œ̃] is being replaced with [ɛ̃] in modern French

In words beginning with in-, a nasal is only used if the next letter is a consonant.  Otherwise, the in- prefix is pronounce een before a vowel.

French Consonants

ex + vowel

egz

examen, exercice

ex + consonant

eks

exceptionnel, expression

ch (Latin origin)

sh

architecte, archives

ch (Greek origin)

k

orchestre, archéologie

ti + vowel (except é)

see

démocratie, nation

c + e, i, y; or ç

s

cent, ceinture, maçon

c + a, o, u

k

caillou, car, cube

g + e, i, y

zh

genou, gingembre

g + a, o, u

g

gomme, ganglion

th

t

maths, thème, thym

j

zh

jambe, jus, jeune

qu, final q

k

que, quoi, grecque

h

silent

haricot, herbe, hasard

vowel + s + vowel

z

rose, falaise, casino

x + vowel

z

six ans, beaux arts

final x

s

six, dix, soixante (these 3 only!)

 

 
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