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  JE PARLE FRANÇAİS
  44-Comparatives
 

44. Comparatives & Superlatives

 

Comparatives

aussi (adj or adv) que

as (adj or adv) as

moins (adj or adv) que

less (adj or adv) than

plus (adj or adv) que

more (adj or adv) than

plus de (noun) que

more (noun) than

autant de (noun) que

as many (noun) as

moins de (noun) que

less (noun) than

 

Sample Sentences

 

She is taller than Colette.

Elle est plus grande que Colette.

I am smarter than you.

Je suis plus intelligente que toi.

Peter runs less quickly than me.

Pierre court moins rapidement que moi.

The kitchen is as big as the living room.

La cuisine est aussi grande que le salon.

I have more books than she.

J'ai plus de livres qu'elle.

We have as many cars as he.

Nous avons autant de voitures que lui.

 

Verbs can also be compared with plus/aussi/moins (+ que):

Il travaille moins qu'elle.

He works less than she.


Ils dorment plus.

They sleep more.

 

Superlatives


Simply add le, la or les before the comparative if you are using an adjective.  With adverbs, always use le.  After a superlative, de is used to mean in.  If the adjective follows the noun, the superlative follows the noun also, surrounding the adjective.

 

Sample Sentences

It's the biggest city in the world.

C'est la plus grande ville du monde.

   She is the most beautiful woman in this room.

Elle est la plus belle femme de cette salle.

This neighborhood is the least expensive in Paris.

Ce quartier est le moins cher de Paris.

   It's the most dreaded punishment in the world.

C'est la punition la plus redoutable du monde.

 She works the most courageously of everyone.

Elle travaille le plus courageusement de tous.

 

In French, sometimes you don't use any articles, as compared to English:

Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.  The more things change, the more they stay the same.

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