.
   
  JE PARLE FRANÇAİS
  27-Conjugating Regular Verbs
 

 Listen to MP3

Conjugating Regular Verbs in the Present Indicative Tense

Verbs in French end in -er, -re, or -ir.  The verb before it is conjugated is called the infinitive.  Removing the last two letters leaves you with the stem (aimer is the infinitive, aim- is the stem.)  The present indicative tense indicates an ongoing action, general state, or habitual activity.  Besides the simple present tense (I write, I run, I see); there are two other forms of the present tense in English: the progressive (I am writing, I am running, etc.) and the emphatic (I do write, I do run, etc.)  However, these three English present tenses are all translated by the present indicative tense in French.

To conjugate verbs in the present tense, use the stem and add the following endings.

-er

 

-re

 

1st -ir

 

2nd -ir*

-e

-ons

   

-s

-ons

   

-is

-issons

   

-s

-ons

-es

-ez

 

-s

-ez

 

-is

-issez

 

-s

-ez

-e

-ent

 

-

-ent

 

-it

-issent

 

-t

-ent

 

Sample Regular Verbs in the Present tense

aimer - to like, love

 

vendre - to sell

aime

/em/

aimons

/emɔ̃/

 

vends

/vɑ̃/

vendons

/vɑ̃dɔ̃/

aimes

/em/

aimez

/eme/

 

vends

/vɑ̃/

vendez

/vɑ̃de/

aime

/em/

aiment

/em/

 

vend

/vɑ

vendent

/vɑ̃d/

                 

finir - to finish

 

partir - to leave

finis

/fini/

finissons

/finisɔ̃/

 

pars

/paʀ/

partons

/paʀtɔ̃/

finis

/fini/

finissez

/finise/

 

pars

/paʀ/

partez

/paʀte/

finit

/fini/

finissent

/finis/

 

part

/paʀ/

partent

/paʀt/

Notice how several conjugations are pronounced the same. This is why you must use the subject pronouns in French.

Regular verbs

-er

 

-re

aimer

/eme/

to like, love

 

vendre

/vɑ̃dʀ/

to sell

chanter

/ʃɑ̃te/

to sing

 

attendre

/atɑ̃dʀ/

to wait for

chercher

/ʃɛʀʃe/

to look for

 

entendre

/ɑ̃tɑ̃dʀ/

to hear

commencer

/kɔmɑ̃se/

to begin

 

perdre

/pɛʀdʀ/

to lose

donner

/dɔne/

to give

 

répondre (à)

/ʀepɔ̃dʀ/

to answer

étudier

/etydje/

to study

 

descendre

/dɛsɑ̃dʀ/

to go down

fermer

/fɛʀme/

to close

   

1st -ir

habiter

/abite/

to live

 

bâtir

/bɑtiʀ/

to build

jouer

/ʒwe/

to play

 

finir

/finiʀ/

to finish

manger

/mɑ̃ʒe/

to eat

 

choisir

/ʃwaziʀ/

to choose

montrer

/mɔ̃tʀe/

to show

 

punir

/pyniʀ/

to punish

parler

/paʀle/

to speak

 

remplir

/ʀɑ̃pliʀ/

to fill

penser

/pɑ̃se/

to think

 

obéir (à)

/ɔbeiʀ/

to obey

travailler

/tʀavaje/

to work

 

réussir

/ʀeysiʀ/

to succeed

trouver

/tʀuve/

to find

 

guérir

/geʀiʀ/

to cure, heal

If a verb is followed by à (like répondre) you have to use the à and any contractions after the conjugated verb.  Ex: Je réponds au téléphone. I answer the phone.

* The 2nd -ir verbs are considered irregular sometimes because there are only a few verbs which follow that pattern.  Other verbs like partir are sortir /sɔʀtiʀ/ (to go out), dormir /dɔʀmiʀ/ (to sleep), mentir /mɑ̃tiʀ/ (to lie), sentir /sɑ̃tiʀ/ (to smell, feel) and servir /sɛʀviʀ/ (to serve.)

 

 
  SİTEMİZİ ZİYARET ETTİĞİNİZ İÇİN TEŞEKKÜR EDERİZ  
 
=> Veux-tu aussi créer une site gratuit ? Alors clique ici ! <=


FRANSIZCA İLETİŞİM DİLBİLGİSİ ALIŞTIRMALAR DİL SEVİYELERİ FAYDALI LİNKLER FRANSIZCA ŞARKILAR DİĞER DİLLER