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  28-Pronominal Verbs
 


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28. Pronominal (Reflexive) Verbs

These verbs are conjugated like normal verbs, but they require an extra pronoun before the verb.  Most indicate a reflexive action but some are idiomatic and can't be translated literally.  The pronouns are:

me

/mə/

nous

/nu/

te

/tə/

vous

/vu/

se

/sə/

se

/sə/

 

Some Pronominal Verbs

s'amuser

/samyze/

to have fun

se brosser

/səbʀɔse/

to brush

se lever

/sələve/

to get up

se maquiller

/səmakije/

to put on makeup

se laver

/səlave/

to wash (oneself)

se casser

/səkase/

to break (arm, leg, etc.)

se dépêcher

/sədepeʃe/

to hurry

se réveiller

/səʀeveje/

to wake up

se peigner

/səpeɲe/

to comb

se raser

/səʀɑze/

to shave

s'habiller

/sabije/

to get dressed

s'ennuyer

/sɑ̃nɥije/

to get bored

se marier

/səmaʀje/

to get married

se promener

/səpʀɔmne/

to take a walk

se reposer

/səʀəpoze/

to rest

s'intéresser à

/sɛ̃teʀese a/

to be interested in

se souvenir de

/səsuvniʀ də/

to remember

s'entraîner

/sɑ̃tʀene/

to train/practice

s'entendre bien

/sɑ̃tɑ̃dʀbjɛ̃/

to get along well

se détendre

/sədetɑ̃dʀ/

to relax

se coucher

/səkuʃe/

to go to bed

 

 

 

 

When used in the infinitive, such as after another verb, the reflexive pronoun agrees with the subject of the sentence.  

Je vais me coucher maintenant.  I'm going to go to bed.
Tu veux t'asseoir ? Do you want to sit down?

Sample Irregular Pronominal Verb

s'asseoir - to sit down /saswaʀ/

je m'assieds

/ʒəmasjɛ/

nous nous asseyons

/nunuzasejɔ̃/

tu t'assieds

/tytasjɛ/

vous vous asseyez

/vuvusaseje/

il s'assied

/ilsasjɛ/

ils s'asseyent

/ilsasej/

 

 
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